Jewellery Care Guide

Care of Gemstones

Gemstone hardness is based on a standard called the Mohs scale, where the higher the Mohs scale number, the harder the stone; conversely, the lower the Mohs scale number, the more susceptible the stone is to scratching, chipping, and breaking. It is important to consider this when cleaning, wearing and storing your gemstone jewellery.

The build-up of hand cream, finger prints and general dirt is common amongst your most loved jewellery, and can easily be cleaned. As a rule of thumb, gemstones at 7 and above on the Mohs scale can be cleaned with warm water, a touch of mild detergent and a soft brush. For gemstones less than 7, swap the soft brush for a soft cloth.

Many gemstones are also susceptible to damage by chemicals, water and even sunlight, where prolonged exposure to the latter may cause them to become paler. Examples include amethyst, ametrine, aquamarine, aventurine, beryl, citrine, kunzite, rose and smoky quartz.

Some gemstones such as opal, pearl and turquoise are fairly porous and should not be immersed in water for too long.

Particular care should be taken when cleaning your emerald jewellery. A widespread practice is to treat emeralds with some form of fine oil in order to disguise the very frequent appearance of flaws. For this reason, emeralds should never be cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaning device; as such treatment will usually empty any flaws which reach the surface of the stone of any oil content, with a disastrous effect on appearance.

When travelling or storing your jewellery, please place your jewellery individually in the soft pouch. Avoid storing more than one piece in the same pouch as pieces can rub against each other.

Care of Sterling Silver

As with most precious metals, sterling silver tarnishes; having said this, it is less likely to happen as quickly if regularly worn.

Clean your silver jewellery in warm soapy water, ensuring that it is rinsed thoroughly and dried before storing. Alternatively polish your silver jewellery with a soft cloth.

Like gold, silver is susceptible to damage by chlorine and you should avoid wearing silver jewellery when using chlorine or bleach.

As with all fine things in life, you should take care to protect your jewellery and always store in a jewellery box, taking care not to drop, bash or scratch.

Care of Gold Vermeil

Gold vermeil is a layer of gold over sterling silver, and requires a little care and attention. Always remove your gold vermeil jewellery when applying scent, lotions and potions, or even better, always put your jewellery on last when getting dressed.

Never wear your gold vermeil jewellery in the shower or when swimming. Chlorine, especially at high temperatures, can permanently damage or discolour your gold vermeil jewellery.

Gently clean your gold vermeil jewellery with a soft polishing cloth.

As with all fine things in life, you should take care to protect your jewellery and always store in a jewellery box, taking care not to drop, or scratch.

Care of Gold

Containing no oxides, gold is the only precious metal that will not tarnish. Having said this, it is a relatively soft metal and care should always be taken with your gold jewellery.

Generally, the higher the carat weight, the softer the metal; due to the alloys used in 9ct gold, it tends to be more resistant to scratching than 18ct or 24ct gold. This is why we recommend that you wear rings of a similar carat together, e.g. your wedding and engagement ring.

Gold should be cleaned regularly in order to maintain its beauty and patina. A soft, lint free cloth is an effective way to keep gold jewellery looking its best.

As a relatively delicate material, gold is particularly susceptible to damage from chlorine. Chlorine can permanently damage or discolour gold jewellery. For that reason, you should avoid wearing gold jewellery when using chlorine or bleach, or while in a pool or hot tub.

As with all fine things in life, you should take care to protect your jewellery and always store in a jewellery box, taking care not to drop, bash or scratch.

Care of Coral

Unlike most other gemstones which are of mineral origin, Marine Coral (corallium rubrum) is an organic material formed by living organisms. It forms from branching, antler-like structures created from coral polyps in tropical and subtropical ocean waters.

It is subject to corrosion by chemical agents such as perfumes, soaps, some creams and, in the long run, also human sweat. So we recommend that you should wipe your product with a dry or partially-wet cotton cloth, without using any kind of soap. Carefully avoid direct contact with the above-mentioned substances; it is better to spray perfume on your body prior to wearing a coral jewel. Keep your product away from heat sources, such as shop-window lights; exposition to intense heat can alter shades and even colours. As with all our jewellwry;

  • Do not use hair sprays or creams
  • It is advisable NOT to use the Coral on hot and humid days (we mean those days when you tend to sweat a lot) because the sweat is acidic and takes away the shine from the jewel
  • Take care NOT to take a shower or swim with your coral jewellery

Care of Diamonds

While diamonds are extremely hard, they can still suffer chips and fractures from sharp blows.

It is possible to scratch a diamond with a diamond, so please take care when wearing and storing your diamond jewellery.

As with all fine things in life, you should take care to protect your jewellery and always store in a jewellery box, taking care to store diamonds separate from each other.

Clean your diamonds with warm soapy liquid and a soft toothbrush, rinsing the stone and setting afterwards to ensure no soapy residue.

Care of Pearls

A unique phenomenon in nature and indispensable to every jewellery box, we believe that pearls warrant the utmost care that they need. As an organic material, pearls are much softer than most other gemstones and can be easily scratched.

- Do wear your pearls. As an organic material they react well to the natural oils in your skin and it is the best way to maintain their lustre.

  • Do apply your make up and scent PRIOR to putting your pearl jewellery on.
  • Do put your pearls on last, and take them off first when undressing.
  • Do wipe your pearls with a soft cloth after wearing, and occasionally wipe clean with mild soapy water. Allow the pearls to dry before putting them away.
  • Do have your pearl necklace re-strung every few years; to prevent abrasion, most jewellers knot pearls on silk thread which wears in time.
  • Do not store your pearls with other jewellery as they can easily be scratched when metal or gemstones rub against them.
  • Do not store pearls in plastic bags, always store in the box or silk pouch that they should be supplied with.
  • Do not clean your pearls in an ultrasonic cleaner; the vibrations can shatter them, especially if the nacre is thin or cracked.
  • Do not use chemical cleaners; especially those containing ammonia and bleach, as this will destroy their lustre.
  • Do not expose to excessive heat; because they contain organic material and water, pearls can also crack if exposed to excessive dryness.